As temperatures cool and the vigorous summer-blooming flowers begin to fade, the way opens up for the colour and beauty of fall-blooming plants. Many flowers bloom from late summer until the first frost, thriving in the cooler fall weather. Cut back spent flowers to increase the bloom time of your autumn-blooming plants.
A fall favourite, aster is grown around the world. The name "aster" means "star" and describes the shape of its flowers. Asters bloom in every shade and colour imaginable but are most commonly found in shades of red, pink, blue and purple. They bloom from late summer until the first fall frost. This perennial is hardy from zone 3 to 11 and grows up to 30 inches tall. It prefers full sun and moist, well-drained soil but will tolerate some shade. Aster makes a beautiful, long-lasting cut flower. It is the official flower of September.
This flower has become synonymous with fall. Blooming in shades of pink, red, gold, white and bronze, chrysanthemum is a welcome addition to your fall garden. This perennial does not like to get its feet wet. Make sure your chrysanthemum has good drainage as it is susceptible to rot. It thrives in full or partial sun and blooms from summer until the first frost. Chrysanthemum is not frost tolerant. Growing to 36 inches tall, chrysanthemum is hardy in zones 4 to 9.
Single vibrant flowers bloom atop long, slender stems in this autumn-blooming plant. Also known as windflower, anemone grows from a bulb and prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Anemone blooms in shades of pink, purple, red and white and makes an ideal cut flower. Most anemone grow to 12 inches tall and thrive from zones 5 to 10. They prefer moist, well-drained soil.
Growing from zones 3 to 11, Sedum Autumn Joy, also known as Autumn Stone Crop, is a low-maintenance perennial that will brighten your fall garden well into November. Autumn Joy prefers moist, well-drained fertile soil and full sun. It grows to 3 feet tall and produces large flowers in shades of pink, darkening to red and a coppery-brown as the weather cools.
This tall-growing flower is perfect at the back of the bed in your autumn garden. Large yellow petals that form around a black "eye" give this perennial flower its name. Black-eyed Susan thrives from zone 4 to 11. It prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Black-eyed Susan is drought-tolerant and makes an excellent cut flower.