A beautiful landscape not only adds a sense of peace and relaxation, but it can also add property value to your home. Landscaping to include sunny and shady locations breaks up the property and adds variety. Not only do you want shrubs and flowers, but it is a good idea to have small and large trees to use as focal points. For areas that are not in direct sunlight, you have to choose the right type of shade-tolerant tree.
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Full-Shade Deciduous Trees
There are several deciduous trees that grow and thrive in completely shaded conditions. Flowering dogwood does very well in full shade and will provide an excellent tree beneath a larger tree's canopy. It can grow about 30 feet tall when fully mature and produces white, red or pink flowers. The pagoda dogwood is not as tall as the flowering dogwood, growing around 25 feet tall at maturity.
Partial-Shade Deciduous Trees
For partially shaded areas, plant Japanese maple trees. Japanese coral bark maple trees grow to about 20 feet in height and need rich, well-drained soil. They should be kept fairly moist, and while they can tolerate being in the sun, they will do better in light shade and will produce better coloured leaves. As the name implies, their branches are coral red. A bloodgood maple is another tree that likes partial shade. It is smaller than the coral bark maple, growing to about 13 feet in height. All of the maples have brightly coloured red and yellow leaves in the fall.
Full-Shade Evergreen Trees
If you want to have green trees all year in a shady location, choose an evergreen. Evergreens can be planted alongside deciduous trees to add a bit of colour in the winter when the other trees have dropped their leaves. Some of the best trees to plant are fir, yew, golden thread-leaf cypress, arbor vitae or hemlock. Cypress and arbor vitae also make excellent privacy or wind screens as they grow relatively quickly and straight.
Partial-Shade Evergreen Trees
There are several evergreen trees that grow well in partial shade. These include the thuja green giant, which is a rapidly growing evergreen, putting out about 3 to 5 feet of new growth a year. It is also drought resistant and repels insects. It grows with wider branches at the bottom and narrows toward the top. Thuja green giant will reach a height of around 20 to 30 feet when fully mature. Another evergreen tree that will grow in partial shade is the sweet bay laurel. This tree varies in height from about 10 feet to as high as 30 feet, depending on the site conditions and whether it is regularly pruned to encourage new growth. The leaves of the bay laurel are dried and used for seasoning soups or stews.
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