Adjectives to describe the climate

Written by belinda tucker
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Adjectives to describe the climate
Extreme weather conditions are easy to describe. (Hemera Technologies/ Images)

Adjectives describe a noun. There are many adjectives used to describe the weather. In polite conversation and greetings, a brief reference to the weather is commonplace. People often use words like pretty or dreary to describe the weather on a particular day, instead of more specific adjectives like breezy, damp or sweltering. Adjectives related to weather can be used to describe temperature, humidity, precipitation and wind conditions.

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One of the main gauges used to evaluate weather conditions is the temperature. The temperature is posted publicly in many places, as information people like to have it available. Banks often post the temperature on a sign outside the bank. When we discuss the temperature, we use adjectives to describe the heat and the cold. Some words used to describe it include: hot, baking, freezing, chilly, cool, cold, sizzling, frigid, icy, mild, scorching, cold, frosty, mild, raw, revolting and warm.


Snow, rain, sleet and hail are forms of precipitation. Weather conditions are often described in terms of precipitation. People plan outdoor events based on the probability of precipitation. Common adjectives used to describe precipitation include: wet, showery, misty, drizzly, icy, stormy, grey, menacing, messy, cloudy and slushy.


Even though humidity is something we feel and don't see, people still discuss it as if it were visible. Anyone who has ever spent time in New Orleans or Savannah, Georgia, during the summer knows how strong the impact of humidity is on the body. It weighs the body down like wet clothes. Adjectives used to describe humidity include: balmy, damp, humid, sultry, muggy, steamy and wet. When people joke about a dry heat feeling cooler than a humid hot day, they are referring to how much hotter a humid day feels. While it is a joke, there is some truth to it.

Wind Conditions

Wind is described by speed. Wind speed is reported on the weather report. While sailors and golfers are always interested in this bit of weather information, it is also helpful to know when extreme weather conditions involving wind occur. Tornadoes and hurricanes involve emergency situations where the force of the wind threatens life and property. Wind is hard to ignore. Adjectives used to describe the wind are blusterous, strong, threatening, windy and stormy. On occasion, the terms tornado-like and hurricane-strength are used as adjectives to describe forceful winds.

Multi-Purpose Weather Adjectives

Some adjectives used frequently to describe weather are rather general. These words could be used to describe many other things. Given how frequently these adjectives are used to describe weather, they must be mentioned. The words good and bad are two adjectives that are often used to describe weather. While these overused adjectives fail to detail the weather conditions in any explicit fashion, they do typically get the basic idea across to most people. Good weather is usually associated with clear conditions, moderate temperatures and expected conditions. Bad weather almost always means some sort of precipitation is present. Rain is usually considered bad weather by most people. Storms, blizzards, hurricanes and tornadoes are also regarded as bad weather.

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