Challis fabric is a lightweight plain weave textile that is made from rayon, cotton, or wool. This soft fabric has a slightly brushed surface with a silky down finish. Challis fabric often has a print and it is comfortable to wear so it is frequently used to make clothing. However, certain types of challis fabric may easily fade, shrink and wrinkle.
Dresses and Skirts
Challis has good drapability so it is ideally suited for making dresses and skirts. Dresses and skirts that are draped, or flowing, and have cowl necklines, soft pleats, or gathered waists work well with challis rayon. Challis does not work well with form-fitting dress styles because it wrinkles easily and does not tolerate hot ironing well.
Bathrobes and Pajamas
Challis wool is breathable, comfortable and does not wrinkle easily. These traits make it ideal for use in lounge wear such as bathrobes and pyjamas. Challis wool is also moisture-wicking, so it keeps you dry when you are wearing it. Naturally fire-retardant and extremely soft, challis wool is also ideally suited for children's pyjamas.
All types of challis fabric are used to make shirts and blouses that are not structured. Preshrunk challis is used to make machine washable casual shirts in prints. Challis that is not preshrunk can also be used to make shirts, but it is more commonly used for blouses that are more formal. This is because challis that is not preshrunk requires dry cleaning. Similar to that of dresses made of challis, shirt and blouses tend to have loose, flowing designs.
Jackets and Coats
Challis can be used to make jackets and coats that are not structured in design. Jackets and coats made of challis would be lightweight like a suit jacket or cardigan. Challis may also be used to make a long trench style coat or a long rain coat.
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