Broad leafed flowering plants are plant species with wide flat leaves that develop flowers. The leaf characteristics of broad leaf plants include various traits like arrangement, shape, margin and texture. Broad leaf flowering plants come in both deciduous and evergreen varieties. Landscapers use these types of plants for ornamental purposes and privacy screens. Broad leafed flowering plants come in a wide assortment of species.
Wintergreen barberry (Barberis julianae) is a drought tolerant flowering broad leafed evergreen shrub. This Berberidaceae family plant is a native shrub to China. Wintergreen barberry grows to heights of 4 to 6 feet tall with a spread 6 to 8 feet wide. Wintergreen barberry develops yellow flowers in the month of May. The evergreen leaves of Wintergreen barberry are 3 inches in length with a narrow width and spines. Wintergreen barberry is a hardy plant for USDA zones 6 (-10 to 0 degrees Fahrenheit) through 8 (-12.2 to -6.67 degrees Celsius).
Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea) is a broad leaf semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub. This shrub grows to heights of 10 to 12 feet in an upright and spreading formation. The branches of the firethorn have lustrous brown stiff bark with thorns. Starting in May and finishing in June clusters of showy white flowers develop on the firethorn. The foliage of the firethorn is 1 ½ inches long simple leaves in an alternate arrangement. During the summer, leaves are a glossy deep green; the leaves of the semi-evergreen firethorn species change to a bronze hue in the autumn, before turning brown and dying in the winter.
Pacific rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum) an evergreen shrub with broad leaves. This Ericaceae family flowering plant indigenous to western North America is the official state flower of Washington. Pacific rhododendrons are 12-feet tall shrubs with greyish bark with a smooth to scaly texture. The leaves of the Pacific rhododendron are deep green in colour and 3 to 6 inches in length with an ovate shape. The flowers develop in early summer and blossom in clusters of bell-shaped blooms. Pacific rhododendrons have flowers in a variety of hues of pink, lavender and white.
Vanhoutte spiraea (Spiraea vanhouttei) is a deciduous broad leaf shrub highly drought tolerant. This Rosaceae family shrub originates from the northern hemisphere. Vanhoutte spiraea plants grow to heights of 6 to 10 feet tall with spreads of up to 20 feet in width. The small alternate leaves of the Vanhoutte spiraea are a bluish-green shade that do not change colour in the fall. In spring, the Vanhoutte spiraea flourishes with clusters of small white flowers. Vanhoutte spiraea is a hardy shrub for zones 3 (-40 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit) through 8 (10 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Colorado State University Extension: Identifying Broadleafed Flowering Trees and Shrubs
- University of Missouri Extension; Selecting Landscaping Plants---Broadleafed Evergreens; Christopher J. Starbuck; August 2007
- North Carolina State University: Plant Fact Sheet---Wintergreen Barberry; Erv Evans
- University of Connecticut Extension: Pyracantha coccinea
- Virginia Tech Extension; Pacific Rhododendron; John R. Seiler et al; 2010
- North Carolina State University: Plant Fact Sheet--- Vanhoutte spiraea; Erv Evans