The enriched ecosystem created by ponds can attract a variety of birds, depending on geographical region, climate and time of year. Some birds are found near ponds throughout most of North America, thriving near the water where some of them swim or dive for fish.
Predatory birds are among the most common birds seen near ponds. While they do not live exclusively near ponds, they are drawn to them for hunting. Fish, smaller birds and even mammals living in or near water make attractive targets for these giant birds that may include falcons and hawks.
Owls are not classified as birds of prey, but they remain avid hunters. Small mammals such as mice may be attracted to the enriched environment around ponds. These small animals also attract owls, who frequently build nests near ponds.
Herons, egrets and cranes all look similar to one another. These tall birds have long necks and beaks and are often coloured with bright markings. They typically hunt by wading into shallow water and scooping up fish with their beaks.
These small birds, which resemble sparrows, thrive in a watery environment. Blackbirds often build their nests directly above a pond and eat many insects that live nearby. Blackbird males are solid black, with orange beaks and a few orange feathers. The females are typically brown or grey.
Hummingbirds eat nectar, and many of the flowers that grow near ponds provide an abundance of this sweet substance. Hummingbirds are among the smallest birds and can be as small as 5 centimetres tall. They come in a variety of colours, ranging from drab brown to a brightly-coloured green and red.
Ducks and Geese
Thousands of species of ducks and geese live in ponds across North America. The most commonly seen ducks include brightly coloured mallards. Canada geese and black and white swans are also frequent flyers in ponds.