Spring brings crocus and daffodil blooms that eventually fade as summer flowers take their place. Create a constant show of colour and texture by choosing plants that flower all summer long. A mixture of perennials and annuals ensure a continuous array of blooms from early summer to late fall. Showcase the flower beds by planting tall perennials behind lower growing annuals. As the plants mature, the area fills with vibrant colour and fragrance.
Perennial flowers that bloom all summer long include echinacea and rudbeckia. Both of these tall flowers do well in full sun and well drained soil. These summer bloomers grow to heights of up to 3 feet and produce more blooms each year. Both Echinacea and rudbeckia are available in a variety of colours to add a variety of colour to the landscape. Planted in large groupings, the blooms make a dramatic impact in the garden.
Marigolds and zinnias produce flowers all summer long and come in low-growing or tall varieties. The shorter plants produce a smaller bloom, while the tall plants have much larger flower heads. Both flowers prefer well-drained soil but tolerate less-than-perfect growing conditions. Neither marigolds nor zinnias like wet soil. All varieties of both plants prefer full sun; however, these flowers will grow in partial sunlight. Zinnias come in a rainbow of colours and marigolds offer blooms in shades of orange, yellow and red.
Flowers for Shade
Shady areas of the yard present a problem for flowering plants, but there are some plants that bloom all summer long in the shade. Two plants that tolerate shade and produce good colour for the area are bleeding heart and foxglove. Both plants like a rich soil. Foxgloves are considered a biennial, but reseeds its self so once the plant is established, it will come back every year. There are several colour choices with bleeding hearts and foxgloves, which means you can brighten up that dark area of the garden.
Deadheading is the process of removing dead or dying blooms from the plants by cutting or pinching off the spent bloom just under the seed pod, or at the base of the flower head. Deadheading plants, such as petunias and marigolds allows the plant to redirect its energy to produce more blooms. Use a sharp knife or garden shears to remove the dead flowers so the plant is not injured in the process.