While academic lessons in math and reading are vital parts of the kindergarten curriculum, it's also important that children in that age bracket begin to know and understand body anatomy and how their bodies work so that they can protect and take care of them. Use interactive and engaging activities to help the students learn and remember their body parts and functions.
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Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes
This classic children's song is one of the first and best songs that help children identify of some of their main body parts. The song goes, "Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes. Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes. Eyes and ears and mouth and nose, head and shoulders knees and toes, knees and toes!" Have the children touch each body part as they sing the words. After singing it several times, ask the children to point to the different body parts out of order from the song. For instance you can say things like "Where are your eyes?" or "Point to your toes!"
This circle time interactive song, sung to the tune of "B-I-N-G-O," teaches the children about the body parts that bend and move. Start the singing and have the children point to the part on one side of their bodies: "My arms have parts that bend and move, every time I used them. Shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand (repeat 3 times), and this is how I move them." On "This is how I move them" have the children flail their entire arms around, rotating their shoulders, bending their elbows and wrists and wiggling fingers. The second verse for the leg has the children bend over and point to their "Knee, ankle, heel and foot" and the third verse about the body trunk has children pointing and moving their "neck, back waist and hips" On the final verse, watch the kids get silly as they sing and do all the moves in one verse and move their entire bodies all around.
Place pictures of basic body parts all around the room. Draw a stick figure on the board and tell the class that the stick man needs a body. He needs arms, legs, a trunk, a head, feet, hands, eyes, ears, a mouth and a nose. Have the children hunt around the room one at a time for a specific body party. Tape the body parts to the board on the stick figure as you get them.
Thinking of Body Parts
Have the children call out body parts that you are thinking about, giving them clues to the part. You can say, "I'm thinking of a body part that always touches the ground. I put my shoe on it," or "I'm thinking of a body part that helps me chew my food." To make it competitive, you can divide the class up into two teams and paste pictures of body parts on the board. When you give a glue, each team must decide which one it is and have someone run to the board and point to the body part. Whoever points to the correct body part first wins.
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