Woodworking projects sometimes require more than just straight edges and flat surfaces. There are times when the components in a wood working project need additional shaping. Through the use of certain wood shaping tools, woodworkers can alter the shape of a piece of wood, adding a touch of artistic style to a project.
Drawing knives are used to remove large chunks of wood and take off fine shavings. Drawing knives have a handle on each end of a long sharp blade. In woodworking projects, the drawing knife is drawn across a piece of wood held in a vice or a similar instrument.
Rasps are used in woodworking to remove wood as the tool is drawn repeatedly over the piece of wood. Rasps consist of a handle and a metal section with sharp ridges in a grid formation. When drawn across wood, the sharp ridges shave off layers of wood. One types of rasp is the Shinto rasp, a tool that has little hacksaw-like blades and is shaped like a boat with two handles. Another rasp is a Microplaner interchangeable kit that uses interchangeable inserts and a cabinet rasp.
Files are used in woodworking projects for tuning wood shaping. Wood files often consist of a handle and a long piece of metal with thin ridges for taking off thin layers of wood. Files are used much like rasps, but take off less wood at a time. Types of files used in wood shaping include the flat bastard file, which an elongated, somewhat flat piece of metal with small ridges on each side for filing down wood; and the round rat tail file that has a handle and a small, round, elongated piece of metal with small ridges for filing.
Wood chisels are wood shaping tools that consist of a metal chisel blade that ranges from 1/4 to 2 inches wide and a wooden or a plastic handle. The wood chisel is used to remove small pieces of wood in a concentrated area. A wood chisel can be used either by gripping the handle and forcing the chisel across the wood or by striking the end of the chisel with a mallet.