Perhaps you want to change the look of a room in your home, but you don't want a total redo. For a quick fix, change the curtains, paint the walls, buy new picture frames or even recover your lampshades. If you're especially creative, buy some supplies and make your own lampshades -- all the way from frame to finial.
Frames and rings
Make your own lampshade by beginning with a special metal frame you can purchase along with rings. Rings come in a variety of shapes, including hexagon, square, rectangle and oval. To attach the frame directly to the bulb, use a ring with a special clip. Alternatively, use a harp, which is a metal device, typically oval-shaped, with two metal prongs that slip into the lamp socket, and top with a decorative finial.
Lampshade crafters use a backing material called styrene, a semi-hard plastic that attaches directly to the metal frame and ring with a sticky side to which they affix fabric, paper or another material. Crafters use lampshade patterns to cut the styrene in the desired shapes with a sharp, craft knife. Large, bulldog clips, clothespegs or paper clips attach the backing material to the metal frame while the glue dries.
Covering the Styrene
You can affix wallpaper directly to pressure-sensitive styrene to match your upholstery or decor; alternatively, use lampshade paper in a colour that coordinates with your decor. Buy papers in a variety of sizes, including 10 and 20 cm (4 inch and 8 inch) top diameters with 9-inch and 11-inch bottom diameters. Glue grosgrain ribbon over the seams on square or hexagonal shades; use a quick-drying crafter's glue to attach it.
Lampshade crafters use transfer paper to imprint custom patterns. For cutting the styrene, use a laminated mat, such as quilters use. Miscellaneous embellishments to add include: twill or bias tape; braid; upholstery fringe or velvet; or raffia. Use lining on the inner portion of the shade. To top your custom lampshade, purchase a special finial in a coordinating design.