Over the last 30 years, nursing research has dramatically increased, yet all research does not have equal insight or clarity, which suggests a powerful need exists for critique of this research. The introduction section of a nursing research study should consist of: an abstract (sometimes optional), title, a literature review, the overview of the paper's subsections and the thesis statement. The introduction of a nursing research study contains much to critique.
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State the name, degrees and job title of the nursing study's author. Find this information at either the very start or end of the research study. Is the author a nurse or other medical professional? Assess whether the researcher has credibility in the world of nursing.
Comment on the article's title. Does it adequately and accurately characterise the research? Long (more than 15 words) and short (three words or less) titles obscure meaning.
Judge the abstract, if given. Some research will not have an abstract that provides an overview of the study's purpose, methodology, findings and recommendations in a paragraph on a separate page at the start. Evaluate the abstract's sufficiency. However, do not denigrate the study for the absence of an abstract because some journals do not demand it.
Analyse the study's introduction by judging these elements: historical background about the subject (reasons for, or context of, the study); gaps in past research; research purpose or problem statement; preview of the study's subsections; thesis statement. First, look at the study as a whole and evaluate the presence of these elements, and then determine their effectiveness.
Evaluate the literature review if one substitutes for an introduction. All literature reviews should: identify the research problem; identify research methodology; identify keywords; provide the paper's subsections; present thesis. Address the same questions for an introduction: Does the literature review provide these elements and how well does the study articulate them?
Tips and warnings
- Follow the advice on the assignment sheet before the advice of unknown tutors.
- Do not use any personal pronouns in the critique. Scientific critique emphasises the strengths and limitations of research devoid of personal observation.
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