Mid-Victorian era European women blushed at the thought of wearing crochet lace---it was rumoured to be made by prostitutes. During the Irish potato famine of 1850, a group of Ursuline nuns from County Cork taught the women and children how to crochet fine lace. The craft spread through Ireland and it became a thriving cottage industry. Up until World War I, Irish crochet shawls, trim and accessories were very popular. Irish crochet lace is worked in fine white thread and features motifs of roses, flowers, clovers, leaves and branches on a finely-worked mesh.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- 1 ball superfine (sock, fingering or baby) weight yarn in any colour or material
- Size B/1 (2.5mm) or C/2 (2.75mm) crochet hook
Foundation round: Chain 8 and close into a circle with a slip-stitch. A slip stitch is done by passing the hook through the top loop of the next chain, making a yarn over and drawing the yarn through both loops on the hook.
Round 1: Chain 1 (counts as first single crochet) and then work 15 single crochet (sc) into the circle, ending with a slip stitch into the first chain.
Round 2: Work 1 single crochet and 1 half double crochet (hdc) into the first single crochet (of previous round). Then work 3 double crochet (dc) into the next sc, work 1 hdc and 1 sc into the next sc. Repeat this motif till you reach the end of the circle. End with a slip stitch into the first single crochet. This should help complete five petals.
Round 3: Work 1 single crochet into the same place as the slip stitch. Chain (ch.) 10 and make one sc between the 2 sc of the previous round---the 2 single crochet at the end of the first petal motif. Repeat this till there are 5 loops around the petals. End with a slip stitch into the first single crochet.
Done correctly, there should be 5 loops with the ends attached between each petal. This will form the base for the final edging.
Round 4: Work 15 single crochet into each of the 5 ch-10 loops. End with a slip stitch into the first single crochet. Each ch-10 loop should have 15 single crochet worked into it. Fasten off and weave ends in.
5 Petal Irish Crochet Rose
Tips and warnings
- Find Irish Crochet patterns online, at the library, yarn shops, or craft stores.
- Feel free to try this motif in a different yarn weight or variegated sock yarn. To make a traditional Irish Crochet rose, use a US size 8 steel crochet hook and size 10 cotton thread in white or cream.
- This pattern is recommended for advanced beginner to intermediate crocheters. Gauge is not critical, but remember to count stitches.
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