Many Muslim women wear a head covering, called a "hijab," as an expression of their faith. This is to fulfil the admonition in the Islamic holy book, the Koran, for women to dress modestly in the company of men who are not close family. The hijab covers all the hair and the neck. There are several hijab styles worn by Muslim women, and hijab styles are constantly changing due to fluctuations in fashion and changing cultural influences.
Use a single long, rectangular scarf. Fold the scarf about 9 inches in from one edge, down its entire length; this will leave a long, thin rectangle that is about 17 inches wide, folded. Place the folded edge of the scarf over the hairline. Cover the entire head. Pull the scarf so that the left end is shorter -- approximately 10 inches long -- and your right hand holds the longer side.
Pull the material towards the back, so that the scarf feels tight around the head and hair. Tie the two different lengths together at the back of the head. Push all the hair inside the scarf as you tie it. Tie again to form a knot and leave the two lengths dangling.
Bring the longer side to the front, over your right shoulder. Open it up so that the full width is visible. Pull the edge of the scarf under your chin, toward the left side of your face. With your right hand, lift the edge of the scarf over the top of your head. The open scarf should cover both the initial knot and your left shoulder. The right side should be covering your right shoulder and be should hang down to cover half your arm. Pin the scarf on the right side of your head using a clip or scarf pin.
Use two scarves of contrasting colours. Repeat the first two steps above with one scarf. Take the second scarf and fold it lengthwise, the same as the first scarf.
Position the folded edge of the second scarf, 1 1/2 inches from the hairline, on top of the first scarf. Make the left end longer. Pull it back tightly around the head, and tie it in a knot at the back, as with the first scarf.
Cross the two scarves under your chin. Lift the first scarf, which was on the right, over your head about 1 1/2 inches from the second scarf, making a striped effect.
Lift the second scarf, which was on the left, over the top of the head, about 1 1/2 inches from the previous layer. Pull it over the left side of your head, then use your scarf pin, or clip, to secure it.
Use thinner materials in the summer.
Don't tie the scarves too tightly; doing so can cause headaches.