While the main cause behind a low platelet count in the blood is due to bone marrow problems such as anaemia and leukaemia -- viral infections may also interfere with the marrow's ability to produce platelets. Other reasons for low platelet count include pregnancy, bacteria in the blood, medication use, autoimmune diseases and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Low platelet count has numerous risk factors like increased risk of bleeding disorders such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Consume plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains such as oranges, green leafy vegetables, flax seed, tomatoes, berries, lime juice, papaya leaf juice and kiwi fruit. Other foods to consume to increase platelet count include apples, beetroot, red meat, bitter gourd and potato skins. Consume these foods on a daily basis, though save the heavier foods until after you have been working on your platelet count for a few weeks.
Reduce if not eliminate alcohol, aerated drinks, white sugar and other processed foods. Cutting down on alcohol intake is of special importance, as alcohol slows platelet production.
Sleep for seven to eight hours per night and avoid late night eating and drinking, which interferes with the body's ability to rest, as it is expends energy breaking down foods.
Exercise regularly. Perform strength-training exercises as well as cardio workouts, which keep the blood flowing properly among other health benefits, thus boosting the body's immune system. Avoid contact sports while trying to increase platelet levels to prevent possible injury and bleeding.
Strain fenugreek leaves to make a tea for increasing platelet count. Take vitamin C supplements in addition to vitamin C-rich foods.
Symptoms of low platelet count include easy bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts, excessive bleeding at the dentist and blood in the urine or stool.