Petechiae creates pinpoint, round spots on your skin that are the result of bleeding underneath the skin. It may appear to be a rash that is red, purple or brown in colour. Petechiae occurs as the result of bleeding in your capillaries -- the small blood vessels that link your arteries and veins. The treatment for petechiae largely depends on the underlying cause of the condition. Therefore, you will need to seek the advise of a medical professional before attempting to treat petechiae.
Visit with your doctor if you have signs of petechiae. Petechiae can be a symptom of numerous life-threatening conditions, including leukaemia, a type of blood cancer. Meningitis can also cause petechiae.
Undergo any necessary testing. Your doctor may order blood tests and X-rays to determine the cause of petechiae. A spinal tap may be necessary if meningitis is suspected.
Receive treatment for the underlying condition. Your doctor will prescribe a treatment plan or refer you to a specialist to treat the cause of your petechiae.
Take an antibiotic. If your petachiae is due to infection, take antibiotics as directed by your physician.
Apply ice to the area of your body affected by petachiae. Apply ice for 20 minutes at a times during the first 24 hours that you notice the appearance of petachiae. Ice should be applied no more than 20 minutes per hour. Ice can help reduce the development of petachiae.
Petechiae can also be the cause of falling or injuries the skin and the capillaries beneath it. Petechiae caused by trauma should clear up on its own within 10 days. Following 10 days or if you experience fever and other symptoms, you need to visit a doctor.