How to Calculate Time to Heat Water

Written by elyse james
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How to Calculate Time to Heat Water
The time it takes to heat water depends on the volume of water and the rating of the heat element. (Hemera Technologies/ Images)

Using the formula Pt = (4.2 * L * T ) / 3600 you can calculate the time it takes to heat a specific quantity of water from one temperature to another temperature. Once you have calculated the power used to heat the water, as represented by Pt in the above equation, divide this number by the heater element rating to find out how long it would take to heat your water.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

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  1. 1

    Calculate the kWh required to heat the water using the following formula:

    Pt = (4.2 * L * T ) / 3600. Pt is the power used to heat the water, in kWh. L is the number of litres of water that is being heated and T is the difference in temperature from what you started with, listed in degrees Celsius.

  2. 2

    Sub in the appropriate numbers into the equation. So imagine you are heating 20 litres of water from -6.67 degrees C to 37.8 degrees C. Your formula would then look like this: Pt = (4.2 * 20 * (100-20)) / 3600, or Pt = 1.867

  3. 3

    Calculate the amount of time it takes to heat the water by dividing the power used to heat the water, which was determined to be 1.867 with the heater element rating, listed in kW. So if your heater element rating was 3.6kW, your equation would look like this: heating time = 1.867 / 3.6, or heating time =0.52 hours. Therefore, it would take 0.52 hours to heat 20 litres of water, with an element with a rating of 3.6kW.

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