Elliptical arches are used primarily in architectural drawing of buildings and domes. Making a perfect elliptical arch can be accomplished quickly with the use of a ruler and a drawing compass and doesn't have to involve complicated math for those that just want to draw a nice-looking arch. Create straight lines and a smooth arch using beginner techniques that can be mastered by anyone.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Drawing compass
Open the compass to the desired width. The wider the compass, the bigger your arch will be.
Place the needle of the compass on the paper where you want the centre of the opening of the arch to be.
Set your pencil on the left of the needle and, keeping the needle in place, curve the pencil around to the right side of the needle.
Put your ruler on the left side of the drawn arch and use it to draw a straight line.
Repeat Step 4 on the right side of the arch. You now have an elliptical arch.
Make the arch look three-dimensional, if desired. Make a second, smaller arch on the inside of the first. Connect the two arches with two straight lines at the bottom of the arches.
Tips and warnings
- Keep the needle steady as you move the pencil across the paper.
- Don't press too hard on the needle. It will pierce your paper.
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