Hybrid tea roses are some of the most abundant roses found on the market today. These roses are a cross between European roses and roses from China. Hybrid tea roses are also known as ever-blooming roses, due to their habit of producing flower buds from spring until fall. Hybrid tea roses are not frequently rooted because cuttings can take a long time to propagate and grow. Despite this, taking cuttings is one of the simplest means of propagating a hybrid tea rose. Before starting, make sure the rose you want to propagate isn't protected by a trademark.
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Things you need
- Pruning shears
- Plastic bucket
- Rooting hormone
- Peat container
- Peat moss
- Plastic freezer bag
Plan to take cuttings when the rose cane is dormant, between fall and spring. Roses propagate more easily during this time.
Prepare a solution of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water. Dip your pruning shears in this solution to sterilise them and prevent the spread of powdery mildew.
Fill a plastic bucket halfway with water. You will place the stems of cuttings into this water to keep them from drying out.
Select a rose cane that is 1 to 2 feet long, disease-free and produced superior roses during the summer. Place the pruning shears just above an outward-facing bud and cut the cane. Place the cane in the bucket of water. Cut any additional canes, then transport them in the bucket to your work area.
Remove all foliage and flowers from the cane. Cut the cane into sections that are 6 to 8 inches long, each with three leaf nodes -- points where a leaf or flower stem emerged. Make each cut directly across the cane, just above a leaf node.
Fill a peat pot with peat moss. Soak the peat moss so that it is as damp as a wrung-out sponge.
Dip the bottom end of a cane in rooting hormone. Plant the cane in the centre of the peat moss so two-thirds of its is buried. New roots will emerge from the end of the cane and the leaf nodes.
Cover the rose cane and the peat pot with a plastic freezer bag. Put the bag in a sunny windowsill, but out of direct sunlight. Check the container daily and water when the peat moss becomes slightly dry. Never let the peat moss dry out completely.
Transplant your rooted rose cutting to its permanent location in early fall of the following year. Roses develop extensive roots during winter when they are not producing flowers. Choose a location that receives full sun and has well-drained soil.
Dig a planting hole that is slightly bigger than the peat pot. Place the entire pot in the soil. Cover the pot with soil. Add a layer of straw around the base of the rose to protect it.
Tips and warnings
- Late fall is a favourite time to take cuttings, according to the Texas A&M; University Extension. A few blooms usually are left the rose bush in fall, so you can identify the type of rose.
- Some varieties of rose are trademarked. It is illegal to propagate trademarked plants for commercial resale.
- Wear sturdy leather gloves when working with roses. Their thorns are sharp enough to scratch or cut you.
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