On most Ford Escorts, the rear brakes are drum brakes. This is a type of brake in which the brake pads are inside a drum that is mounted on the wheel hub. When engaged, the brakes press out against the inside of the drum.
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Things you need
- Lug wrench
- Jack stands
- Flathead screwdriver
- Brake wash
- Safety goggles
- Brake spring removal tool
- Parking brake cable removal tool
- Brake grease
- Brake pads
Park the Escort on flat ground. Make sure that you put the car in park and engage the emergency brake.
Loosen the lug nuts on the rear wheels, but don't remove them.
Jack up the rear of the car and place a jack stand underneath the outer frame on each side of the car. Slowly lower the car onto the jack stands.
Remove the lug nuts off the rear wheels and take the tires off the car. From this point forward, work on one side of the car at a time.
Remove the brake drum from the wheel hub. If it won't slide off, retract the brake shoes. To do this, remove the rubber plug from the back of the brake, then rotate the sprocket inside the drum with a flathead screwdriver, using an upward motion. Keep turning the sprocket until you can slide the drum off the wheel hub.
Clean the drum with brake wash. Wear safety goggles and gloves, and avoid direct contact with the brake dust because it may contain asbestos.
Disconnect the shoe retracting springs at the top of the brake with the brake spring removal tool, followed by the bottom springs.
Lift up the auto-adjuster tab with a pair of pliers and a screwdriver, and disconnect the auto-adjuster cable. The auto-adjuster tab is a small metal tab at the bottom of the wheel.
Remove the primary braking shoe off the wheel hub (it will not be connected to the wheel hub). Detach the secondary braking shoe from the parking brake cable and remove it.
Clean the wheel hub with brake wash, taking the same safety precautions you took when cleaning the brake drum.
Apply brake grease to the wheel hub where it makes contact with the brake shoes.
Slide the new brake pads into the same position as the old brake pads.
Reassemble the brake by reversing the steps you took to disassemble it. Replace the brake on the other rear wheel using the same process.
Place the tires back onto the wheel hubs and secure them with the lug nuts. Tighten the lug nuts just until you begin to feel resistance.
Jack up the Escort and remove the jack stands. Slowly lower the car onto the ground. Tighten the lug nuts.
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