Pilots use Jeppesen charts (also known as Jepps) to navigate approaches into airports around the world. Each Jepp chart arranges approach information for a specific airport into four basic sections according to how pilots use data when flying: heading, plan view, profile view, and minimums.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Jeppesen approach chart
Locate the heading section at the top of the approach chart. In the upper right-hand corner, find the city, state, and country of the airport depicted on the page. Below that is the procedure identifier for the approach to be flown. In the upper left-hand corner is the Jeppesen NavData/ICAO identifier, airport name, chart number, and the date the chart information was published.
Go to the second and third lines of the heading. The second line lists radio frequencies from left to right in the sequence to be used as the aircraft arrives and lands. The third line lists the primary navigation aid, final approach course, altitudes for precision or non-precision approaches, and elevation for the airport; on the far right is a graphic showing the minimum safe altitude (MSA) with bearings and radials oriented to the point of origin.
Find the fourth and fifth (if provided) lines of the heading section. The fourth line offers complete instructions for missed approach procedures. A fifth line is often included to give relevant notes associated with the approach.
Locate the plan view section (the graphic shown beneath the heading). This section gives primary navaid information, names and identifications for airspace fixes associated with the approach procedure, final approach course bearings, formation radials, and locations of secondary airports.
Locate the profile view section just below the plan view graphic. This section is divided into two parts: the profile graphic and the conversion tables.
The profile graphic illustrates the names and identifications of airspace fixes associated with the approach procedure on the chart. It states the glide slope altitude at the outer marker or minimum altitude at the final approach fix. The graphic also gives the final approach course bearing, symbols for navaids and fixes, and provides touchdown zone/runway end elevation.
The second part of the profile view provides conversion tables, necessary approach light system and/or visual descent lighting information, and initial pilot actions for missed approach.
Locate the minimums section at the far bottom of the Jepp approach chart. This section provides decision altitude or minimum descent altitude information. Applicable notes for landing minimums are often placed below the minimum numbers.
Tips and warnings
- The Jeppesen Company publishes a legend offering further details on how to read approach charts and how to use information provided in each section.
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