A piggery is a place where pigs are raised and kept. Pigs can be raised in a controlled environment (hog lots) indoors or in open spaces or barns either in wholesale or small scale. Pigs can be reared as breeding sows or for slaughter. Some of the ways you can start include buying an existing piggery or starting from scratch. This will affect your start-up costs and how soon you profit from the business.
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Apply for licenses and permits. Register your business with the Secretary of State. Also, register with the department of health and conform to its policies, which prohibit pig farms or pigsties from being within 50 feet from a public water body. Large-scale piggeries are also considered to be major land projects. Therefore, you need a "land use permit" from the U.S. Department of Commerce. You also need a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Buy piglets from stockbreeders within your locality or online. You can also look up the classifieds. Different breeds of pigs are suited for different environments indoors or outdoors. Crossbreeds tend to grow faster and eat larger quantities of food. When selecting a piglet, choose a healthy one, which weighs at least 11.3kg. Ask the breeder whether the piglet has been immunised.
Construct a shelter or pen for the pigs. Ensure proper temperatures are maintained in the shelter as pigs are sensitive to high temperatures. High temperatures can cause heat stress, which could result in miscarriages or death of the pigs. You can regulate heat in the pigsty by making the roof of the pigsty high enough so that there is proper ventilation in the pen. Also, you can install a cooling mechanism such as a dip water system. A pigsty which is 200 square feet can comfortably hold 10 pigs. Even if you let your pigs roam about during the day, it is essential that theyhave shelter where they can feed or breed.
Maintain sanitation. Pigs need to be kept in a clean area as they are susceptible to infections. Come up with a mechanism which will help you to maintain cleanliness in the pen such as using slotted pen floors to make it easier to collect waste from the pen. Ensure there is a good drainage system and septic tanks to handle waste when the pigs urinate or defecate. The pen should be cleaned on a regular basis and regularly sprayed with anti bacterial sprays. Also, ensure that the floor is always dry. This will help to minimise odour.
Feed the pigs corn, soybeans, or other grains. Provide the pigs with vitamins and other supplements. Piglets have a higher need for proteins than mature pigs. Ensure the pigs are well supplied with water as pigs can drink between two to four gallons of water daily.
Sell the pigs after they reach the ideal weight in about five to seven months. The ideal weight at which they can be sold is 90.7kg. The pigs can be sold at livestock auctions or to butchers.
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