How to Play Darts Better Using Ergonomics & Aerodynamics

Updated July 19, 2017

Darts is a complex sport that involves the ability to be accurate and develop a suitable throwing technique. Regardless of the level that you play, amateur or professional, performance may be improved using ergonomics and aerodynamics. Ergonomics is the science of designing equipment to fit the player, whereas aerodynamics is concerned with studying the motion of air, especially when interacting with a moving object. The flight of a dart determines the angle of entry to the board and can be altered when making changes to parts of the dart, such as the stem and flight.

Ensure that you establish and maintain a correct stance. Align your dominant foot flat with the throwing line, slightly leaning your upper body forward in order to edge closer to the board. Your back foot should remain in contact with the floor, but with only your toes touching. This creates a more balanced style, aiding aerodynamics by allowing for a straighter and more consistent throw.

Develop a steady arm when gripping the dart by slowly bringing the throwing hand to dominant eye-level. One of the key ways to be able to throw good darts consistently is by having a steady arm. Do not throw too hard on release, as accuracy is far more important than power, and throwing too hard may cause the dart to bounce off of the board. Instead, use a push technique to aid aerodynamics, keeping the point straight and following through with the arm. This involves a flat trajectory and, therefore, a straighter dart through the air.

Use thin-barrelled darts. Gripping smaller thin-barrelled darts with your middle finger, index finger and thumb at the front of the barrel means that the dart should land on the dartboard at an angle above 180 degrees. Thin darts also allow for grouping in small sections, such as the bull's-eye.

Adjust the dart in a way that suits you. If you have a small hand for example, you may need to use smaller stems to allow for greater accuracy. Smaller flights (or poly flights) improve aerodynamic accuracy and make the dart more stable through the air.


Ensure your dartboard is set to the correct height and distance. Always keep a spare set of shafts and flights in your darts case.


Do not leave darts where children may reach them.

Things You'll Need

  • Set of darts
  • 3 sets of darts stems
  • 3 sets of darts flights
  • Dartboard
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About the Author

Jamie Shaw started writing professionally in 2009 for the Football Blog and "The Evening Gazette." He specializes in areas of sports writing. Shaw is pursuing an honors Bachelor of Arts in sports journalism from Nunthorpe Sixth Form.