With basic knowledge of double-pointed knitting needles, you can make gloves that are specifically designed to fit your hand and also your colour and fibre preferences. More advanced knitters can even add stripes, cables or designs. Because you knit basic gloves based on personal measurements and gauge, the following instructions will work for any size glove, from an infant to adult.
Determine your gauge and cast on the needed amount of stitches. To determine your gauge, simply figure out how many stitches you're knitting per inch with your preferred size needles---size 8 make nice mittens---and yarn weight. Knit a small square swatch, and use a tape measure to see how many stitches per inch you're knitting. Then measure your wrist. If your wrist is 8 inches and you're knitting five stitches per inch, then to begin your mittens, you would cast on 40 stitches.
Knit in your preferred rib stitch for however long you would like the wrist to be, anywhere from 2 to 5 inches. A popular rib stitch is knit two, purl two. You could also use knit one, purl one or knit three, purl one.
After knitting your desired wrist length in rib stitch, knit even for one or two rows before dividing for your thumb.
Make your thumb gusset. To do this, at the beginning of a row, knit three stitches, add a place marker, make a stitch, knit two stitches, make another stitch, add another place marker, and then knit the rest of the row (row one). Knit a straight row (row two). Repeat rows one and two until you've made enough stitches between your place markers needed for the width of your thumb, possibly any number between 14 and 18. Remember to check your gauge--see Step One--to determine how many stitches should be between your place markers. Place the added stitches on a stitch holder or scrap piece of scrap yarn.
After you've placed your thumb gusset stitches on a stitch holder or scrap yarn, knit even until you've knit enough rows to cover your palm, which, depending on your palm's size and gauge, could be anywhere from 18 to 22 rows. Use a basic knit stitch for your palm.
After you've knit the needed length for your palm, divide your live stitches by four. If your number isn't divisible by four, then round up and make your pinky and possibly your ring finger have fewer stitches. Keep one quarter of the stitches on your needles, and put the rest on a stitch marker or scrap yarn. Knit the finger, making as many rows needed to cover the specific finger.
Decrease the width of the finger about one-half of an inch away from the desired length. To do this, simply knit two stitches together until you only have four stitches left. Pull the stitches together with your tapestry needle, and weave in your ends.
Repeat the previous two steps for your other fingers.
If you live in a particularly cold climate, use wool to make your gloves warmer.
Don't place wool in the washer or dryer, as it will felt. Always hand wash wool unless the yarn's labelling says otherwise.