Germination of Wheat Seeds

Written by patti perry
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Germination of Wheat Seeds
Wheat seeds germinate in a few days under optimum conditions (germination of wheat image by Maria Brzostowska from

Wheat is classified as hard and soft, and close to 30,000 species have been identified. Wheat needs to germinate or sprout quickly so as not to get compacted into hard soil. This would cause the small initial leaves to have a difficult time pushing up through the crusted surface of the earth. Wheat seeds can also be germinated in a jar to eat as a living food full of enzymes, vitamins and minerals.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Things you need

  • Soil thermometer
  • Glass jar
  • Cheesecloth
  • Rubber band

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    Field Germination

  1. 1

    Determine the soil water content of the zone in which you are planting. Take a soil sample with your hand or with an auger and evaluate the moisture. The minimum soil moisture required for germination of wheat is low, according to the University of Saskatchewan. Too much moisture can compact the soil.

  2. 2

    Find the soil temperature. An average afternoon temperature of 17.8 degrees Celsius is optimum for wheat germination.

  3. 3

    Cover the wheat seeds with 1 inch or less of soil; place the seeds at 3-inch intervals.

    Indoor Germination

  1. 1

    Place a handful of wheat seeds into a glass jar, as an alternative method of sprouting a small batch of seeds to eat as a food product. These germinated seeds are full of nutrients and high in protein, Vitamin E, Vitamin C and B vitamins.

  2. 2

    Cover the seeds with cool water and allow to sit for 12 hours; then drain and rinse twice a day until they sprout in two or three days. Cheesecloth secured on the rim of the jar with a rubber band will facilitate this drainage.

  3. 3

    Rinse twice daily as the seeds grow and produce their first leaves.

  4. 4

    Eat wheat sprouts in moderation to make digestion of the starch easy on your system.

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