Propagating new plants from old is not only an economical way to get new plants, but it also offers the gardener the satisfaction that comes with bringing something to life. Figs are large, deciduous trees that thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 7a to 10b. It is best to prune your fig tree, transplant it and take cuttings from it while it is dormant, in late winter or early spring.
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Things you need
- Pruning shears
- Plastic bag
- Sharp knife
- Waxed paper or paper towel
Fill a pot with sand and pour water over it, stirring, until it is completely wet. Set the pot aside to drain and wait until the soil is moist, not saturated, before adding the cutting.
Find a stem from the fig tree's previous season's growth and cut a 6- to 8-inch length of it. Cut the stem immediately below a leaf node.
Store the cutting in the refrigerator, in a sealed plastic bag, if you are taking it in the winter. It needs to be kept cool until temperatures warm to at least 21.1 degrees C. Cuttings taken in the early spring can be started right away.
Remove all the leaves, except for two at the top of the cutting.
Wound the cut end of the cutting by scraping some bark off the bottom inch with a sharp knife. Don't cut too deep; just scrape it until you see white. Do this on adjacent sides of the cutting.
Pour 1/8 teaspoon of rooting hormone powder onto a square of waxed paper or a paper towel. Dip the cut end of the stem into water and then roll it in the powder until the wounded end is covered. Tap the cutting on the paper towel to remove any excess powder.
Poke a hole in the sand in the pot and insert the cutting until it is buried up to within 1/2 inch of the bottom of the leaves. Spray the cutting with water from a misting bottle.
Place the pot in a bright area with indirect sun that remains at least at 23.9 degrees C until the fig cutting roots. Keep the soil moist at all times. Rooting can take up to three months. You will know it has occurred when the stem sprouts new foliage.
Wait until fall to transplant the cutting into its permanent location in the landscape.
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