How to Teach Kids to Write Introductions & Conclusions for an Essay

Written by gerri blanc
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Learning to write an essay in grade school remains one of the key lessons children learn through their teachers. Through this exposition, kids learn how to express their opinion, as well as facts, through writing and begin to think more analytically about the world around them. Teaching children the basics of essay writing can be difficult, however with a fun and interesting lesson plan, you can get your students to enjoy the task at hand.

Skill level:
Moderate

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Things you need

  • Whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Board marker or chalk

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Poll the students on things they like or dislike. Pick something that most students seem to be suggesting.

  2. 2

    Use the thing they like or dislike and have the students come up with facts, not opinions, about the thing they've chosen.

  3. 3

    Write on the board three key facts in bullets.

  4. 4

    Sit them down and begin your teaching on the "essay." Tell them that the essay is a way to tell the world whether you like or dislike something and why you feel the way you do.

  5. 5

    Construct the Introduction using the key facts. For instance, if your subject is "Chocolate," your introduction can be "Chocolate is a sugary concoction made out of the cocoa bean." Write out all of the facts in the same manner.

  6. 6

    Ask three students to share their reasons for liking or disliking the thing you've chosen. Write these reasons on the board.

  7. 7

    Talk to your students about the "thesis," explaining to them that the last sentence in the Introduction has to tell the readers what the essay will be about.

  8. 8

    Build the thesis statement using the three reasons the students chose. Your thesis should look something like this: "Chocolate is overrated because it is too rich, too fattening, and not tasty."

  9. 9

    Have your students write out their own Introduction by using the same process you showed them.

  10. 10

    Move on to your teaching of the conclusion once the students have finished writing out body paragraphs for each reason they either like chocolate or dislike it. Explain to them that the conclusion paragraph is much like a conclusion sentence; it ends your exposition by summing up the points you made earlier.

  11. 11

    Write out the conclusion on the board. Restate the importance of the topic you covered. For example, "Chocolate is enjoyed by many people the world over." Then restate the reasons you like or dislike chocolate. Then, in your final sentence, you will want to write a sentence that looks toward the future, such as, "In the future, I wish to never see chocolate again," or something to that effect.

  12. 12

    Have the children write their own conclusions on the topic using the method you showed them.

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