Wood burning stove installation in a manufactured, or mobile, home requires caution. Only wood stoves that are approved for manufactured or mobile home installation should be used. As the Ohio Department of Commerce indicates, general installation guidelines abound, but you should follow the specific instructions that come with your particular wood stove brand in order to ensure proper installation.
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Things you need
- Telephone book
- Measuring tape
- Masonry blocks
- Sheet metal
- Noncombustible spacers
- Stove Pipe
- Sheet Metal screws
- Manufacturers Instructions
Contact the local fire brigade and building authorities to find out if specific installation requirements exist in your area.
Contact your home insurance company to find out if it requires any specific installation standards, or if installing a wood burning stove will affect your policy in any way .
Check the pamphlets or brochures that come with the stove for specific installation requirements and to see if the stove is approved for manufactured or mobile homes. The instructions that come with the stove should include nationally recognised installation standards for manufactured or mobile homes.
Determine where you want to locate your stove.
Place the stove at least 18 inches from the wall. That means 18 inches from the wall all the way around the stove for the safest installation.
Determine if you must place the stove closer than 18 inches from the wall, and if so, prepare to provide floor protection for the surface beneath the stove that extends all the way to the wall.
Measure the length of the stove's legs.
If the legs are 2 inches or less in length, you must lay 4-inch thick hollow masonry blocks on the floor to cover the entire space beneath the stove.
If the legs are more than 2 inches long you must lay 2-inch thick hollow masonry blocks on the floor to cover the entire space beneath the stove.
Place a sheet of 24 gauge sheet metal over the masonry blocks.
Use another sheet of 24 gauge sheet metal to create a heat shield between the stove and the wall behind it. The length of the sheet metal will depend on the size of the stove, as you will want to protect the entire space behind your stove. The Ohio Department of Commerce recommends that the width of the shield be at least 36 inches.
Mount the sheet metal on the wall using noncombustible spacers.
Make sure there is a 1-inch space between the wall and the shield so when the shield becomes hot it does not burn the wall.
Determine if you'll need an additional heat shield at the spot where the stove pipe exits the wall. You can accomplish this by measuring the distance from the pipe to the wall. If it is 18 inches or more, no protection is required. Eighteen inches of clearance is the required safety standard. However, if the pipe is 9 inches or less, you should use another section of 24 gauge sheet metal on the wall behind the pipe.
Fit together the male and female sections of the stove pipe and fasten the sections together with sheet metal screws.
Fit the end of the stove pipe into the fireplace flue where the damper comes out of the chimney. If you have no existing chimney you must have one installed to complete this project. Make sure the pipe fits snuggly into the chimney and that there are no leaks in the pipe.
Tips and warnings
- A wood stove can provide an effective heat source for your manufactured or mobile home. However, proper placement and set-up, to reduce the fire risk, are critical to prevent tragic accidents. Follow the manufacturer's instructions precisely, or contact a licensed installer if you are uncertain about completing this project.
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