A birthmark is extra pigmentation in the skin that forms a marking and is present at birth. Birthmarks are made of cells forming the inner lining of our blood vessels. While they come in all sizes and shapes -- flat, raised, tan, black, pink, regular or irregular borders -- there are two main types: red, vascular birthmarks like 'strawberry' birthmarks, and pigmented birthmarks, such as moles, according to WebMD. Some people wish to either lighten or eliminate their birthmarks.
Speak with a dermatologist or health care provider to ensure that your birthmark does not point to any underlying health concerns. Once it has been established that there are no underlying health risks, you can begin to try to lighten your birthmark.
Begin using a good quality face or body scrub on the area with the birthmark daily. This will help slough away any dead skin cells so that new, healthy ones can grow.
Apply the vitamin-A derivative Retin-A every day to lighten hyper-pigmentation. This over-the-counter cream is usually used to treat acne and can be purchased from any pharmacy. The cream penetrates the dermis, helping new skin cells to be formed. A popular home remedy used is lemon juice, which is considered to have natural bleaching properties that can lighten a birthmark.
Contact a dermatologist again to speak with him about intense pulsed light or laser treatments if at-home treatments don't work. These types of laser treatments can reduce the colour of certain birthmarks and, sometimes, eliminate them entirely. However, keep in mind that even a very skilled surgeon cannot remove a birthmark without leaving some sort of a scar so you must weigh the cosmetic benefits against the potential scar. Also, according to WebMD, some birthmarks may begin to re-darken again after a number of years, even with laser treatment.
Be sure that your skin is clean and freshly scrubbed with a good body scrub prior to applying any topical medicines or treatments.
It is important to have any birthmarks examined by a doctor and to report any changes, including bleeding, colour changes, inflammation or itching, pain or a change in size.