Peanuts have a unique growing habit that makes for an interesting addition to the home garden. While the flowers of other members of the legume family produce pods, the peanut flower produces a stalk that grows down into the ground where the pod forms.
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Peanuts need loose, well-draining soil, full sun and a growing season of at least 120 frost-free days. They struggle with clay soil, so improve heavy soils or plant them in raised beds, reports the Iowa State University Extension. Peanuts need a soil pH between 5.9 and 6.3.
Before planting, broadcast 1.36 to 1.81 Kilogram of 5-10-10 fertiliser per 100 square feet. Work the fertiliser into the top 2 to 3 inches of soil. Peanuts, like all legumes, have their own supply of nitrogen.
The National Gardening Association describes the process of inoculating peanuts with nitrogen-fixing bacteria just before planting. Purchase the inoculant, which is usually in the form of a wettable powder, where you buy your seeds.
Peanuts need a soil temperature of 18.3 degrees Celsius to germinate. When the soil has warmed sufficiently and there is no danger of frost, sow the seeds 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep and 6 to 8 inches apart. Space bunching peanut rows 24 inches apart and runner peanut rows 36 inches apart.
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