How to make bird cages

Written by contributing writer
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An essential component of the bird keeper's caretaking program is a safe and secure cage. The cage size will vary depending on the species of bird, but all cages are essentially made of the same material. With this in mind, making bird cages yourself is an attractive alternative to purchasing company-built cages through expensive retailers. Not only do you save money making your own cage, but once you know the template you can tailor the cage to your needs.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Lumber beams (2x2-inch or 4x4-inch)
  • Tape measure
  • Table saw
  • Electric drill
  • 3/16-inch drill bit
  • Wood screws
  • Wire mesh with 1-inch holes
  • Tin snips
  • Staple gun or horseshoe nails and hammer
  • Hinges (two)

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  1. 1

    Assess the needs of the species of bird you're making the cage for. Consult a veterinarian or bird care specialist to obtain expert input and build the cage based on that information. Obtain measurements in the form of a rectangle or square, which will make building the cage easier.

  2. 2

    Build the frame for the bird cage using pieces of lumber to construct squares or rectangles as the sides, top and bottom. Whether you use a square or rectangular shape cage is up to you. Use four pieces of lumber to construct each side of the bird cage. Build the cage frame out of 2x2-inch pieces of lumber for smaller birds and smaller cages. Use 4x4-inch lumber for large birds, which require larger cages.

  3. 3

    Attach the lumber using an electric drill and wood screws. Drill pilot holes for each screw using a drill bit slightly smaller in diameter than the wood screws. Use one or two screws per corner depending on lumber size chosen. Attach the four sides of the bird cage using the electric drill and wood screws.

  4. 4

    Create a door frame space for the cage door using the same size lumber used for the cage frame. Measure and cut a piece of lumber to the appropriate size that fits as a horizontal cross beam. This horizontal cross beam fits between both vertical side supports on the side of the cage frame where you want the door. Use the electric drill and wood screws to attach the horizontal cross beam at the middle point of the vertical supports. Measure and cut a piece of lumber that serves as a vertical support for the door. Attach this vertical support to the middle point of the horizontal cross beam and its other end to the bottom edge of the cage frame.

  5. 5

    Measure the door frame space created in Step 4. Build a door frame that fits within this space making the door frame fit closely into the space. Use the same size lumber as the cage, electric drill and screws. Attach one side of the door frame with two hinges.

  6. 6

    Measure the wire mesh to the appropriate size necessary to cover the sides, top and bottom of the cage and use the tin snips to cut it. Allow for the door in your measurements for one side and cut a separate smaller piece of wire mesh to cover the door frame. Use single pieces of wire mesh to cover each side or cut separate pieces and fit together as necessary. Attach the wire mesh using a staple gun or horseshoe nails and a hammer.

Tips and warnings

  • Never coat bird cages with toxic finishes, such as paint, lacquer or wood stain.

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