Professional Cat Breeding

Written by suzanna hulmes
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Professional Cat Breeding
Persian cats can be professionally bred. (Life On White/Photodisc/Getty Images)

Breeding cats professionally can be an extremely challenging project. With the high number of cats needing adoption, even pedigree breeds will generally not sell for a high price. There are also costs involved in breeding pedigree cats such as food and vet bills. They also require suitable habitats for breeding and giving birth. It is possible to make a profit through professional cat breeding, but this can only be done by building a good reputation, which involves showing winning cats at cat shows which will take time and can become expensive. Even so, professional cat breeding can still make a rewarding and enjoyable hobby.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

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Things you need

  • Litter boxes
  • Nest boxes

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  1. 1

    Learn about professional cat breeding by visiting as many cat shows as you can. Talk to the breeders who are showing their cats at the shows. Look for professional breeders to buy suitable cats from. It is important that the cats you choose to breed have the correct genetic qualities that the breed standard requires, as the majority of kittens produced by a pair of pedigree parents are unsuitable for further breeding due to physical or temperamental flaws. Research the illnesses that the specific cat breed can be prone to. Cats that have suffered these illnesses should not be bred. Select cats from a breeder that can tell you about their breeding history to ensure that both cats come from a pure line.

  2. 2

    Provide suitable environments for your breeding cats by housing them in a secure space indoors. Pedigree cats are generally more vulnerable to stress and diseases. It is important to keep litter boxes clean, especially in the habitat of a pregnant female, in order to prevent infection. Keep males and females apart when you do not want the cats to breed.

  3. 3

    Feed your cats a balanced diet made up of 25 to 30 per cent meat, 15 to 40 per cent fat and 5 per cent carbohydrates such as corn or potatoes, as well as a small amount of vegetables to prevent constipation and diarrhoea. Cat food should also incorporate the necessary vitamins such as A, B1, C and D. You can purchase good quality cat foods online and in pet stores.

  4. 4

    Introduce the female cat to the male's enclosure once you are ready for the cats to breed. The female will come into heat once the mating begins. The cats should be left together for at least 24 hours, although once the cats have successfully mated you can leave the pair together as long as they are getting along. The female's gestation period lasts between 60 and 69 days. The female should be removed from the male's area at least a week before the litter is expected. Place the pregnant female in a quiet and secure enclosure with a soft nesting box that is big enough for her to move around in.

  5. 5

    Look for signs of labour including panting and loss of appetite. The cat will most likely need no help, although if you are concerned you should call your veterinarian. Breeds with slender heads generally have faster and easier births, whereas breeds with large heads can take up to 24 hours of labour for an entire litter of kittens to be born, with the female resting in between each birth.

  6. 6

    Choose the kittens from the litter that are suitable for breeding by addressing the breeding standard for the specific cat breed. The others can be sold as pets and should be neutered to avoid unwanted breeding. You can now enter your own cats in shows with the aim of winning. This will help you to build a reputation as a high standard professional cat breeder.

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