Fun facts of plant cells

Updated February 21, 2017

The over 260,000 species of plants are all made up of cells. Plant cells have a regular shape, which makes them easy to tell apart from animal cells. These cells link to form the structure of the plant.


Plant cells have rigid cell walls. This component of a plant cell gives the cells their shape. Cell walls are made up of cellulose, which humans cannot digest. These walls are visible under a microscope and resemble a thick outline around the plant cells.


Plant cells contain a special organelle called a chloroplast. Chloroplasts contain pigments that absorb sunlight and turn it into energy. The ability to make their own food makes plant cells unique among cell types.

The Facts

Most plant cells do not have centrioles, lysosomes, filaments, cilia or flagella, which are found in animal cells. Plant cells contain special structures including central vacuoles, plasmodesmata, cell walls and chloroplasts.


Plasmodesmata structures are tunnels that connect the plant cells. These structures resemble doorways through the cell walls and allow molecules to pass from one cell to another.

Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article

About the Author

Karen Carter spent three years as a technology specialist in the public school system and her writing has appeared in the "Willapa Harbor Herald" and the "Rogue College Byline." She has an Associate of Arts from Rogue Community College with a certificate in computer information systems.