In order for a ventilated hood to function as intended, it is important to follow the installation instruction provided with the product. For safety and efficiency a minimum and maximum distance is suggested. Where you choose to install the hood should be between those two measurements and be comfortable for the cook.
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A ventilated range hood should be the same width as the hob and installed no more than 30 inches above it. Whether the hob is gas or electric may also make a difference in the distance between it and the vent hood.
If the hob is located on a central island, the ventilated hood should be located no more than 37 inches above the hob. To keep from blocking the line of sight across the kitchen, an island hood is higher than a standard hood. Island hoods tend to be larger and cover the entire cooking area. An island hood should also be more powerful than a standard hood because the distance between the hob and the ventilated hood is longer.
Installation instructions for your vent hood should provide suggestions for the optimal operating height above the hob. If this is not the case, minimum standards give you some guidance but you should also check with local codes. Ventilation hood distance from an electric hob should be no lower than 22 inches, 30 inches for gas and 26 inches for an open grill, boiler or fryer.
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