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Sickness & Vomiting in Dogs

Updated July 19, 2017

Sickness and vomiting in dogs may result from gastric or nongastric causes. Taking preventive steps and knowing when to seek treatment can help ensure a healthy life for your dog.

Gastric Causes

Common gastric causes of vomiting in dogs are consumption of garbage, ulcers of the stomach, cancer of the stomach or upper intestine, parasites, food allergies or a foreign object lodged in the stomach or upper intestine.

Nongastric Causes

Diseases affecting the organs can lead to toxicity of the blood. Nongastric causes of vomiting may be related to pancreatitis, kidney failure, pyometra, liver failure, diabetes, Addison's disease, inner ear infections, distemper, parvovirus or exposure to lead, insecticides, antifreeze or other chemicals.

Diagnosis

The veterinarian may order tests to determine the cause of prolonged or chronic vomiting. Tests may involve X-rays, ultrasonography, endoscopy or biopsy.

Treatment

Treatment for vomiting depends on the cause. According to Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine (WSUVCM), the most common treatment for sporadic vomiting is fasting for 24 hours while administering fluids to prevent dehydration. WSUVCM recommends introducing a bland low-fat dog food three to six times daily and gradually transitioning to the dog's regular diet.

Prevention

Keeping current with all vaccinations will ensure protection against diseases. Keeping the dog's environment free of antifreeze, chemicals, garbage, insecticides and lead will prevent accidental poisoning.

Warnings

It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to rule out exposure to harmful chemicals, infectious diseases or a serious medical condition. If diarrhoea is present and vomiting is accompanied with blood, seek prompt medical attention.

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About the Author

After working as a Montessori educator for 18 years, Kellie Tunbridge became a professional writer in 2008. She writes family-related news articles for the San Jose section of a prominent website. Tunbridge is a Certified Family Manager Coach and a member of the Family Manager Coaching Professionals.