Difference Between Bone China and Fine China

Written by kelly willoughby
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Difference Between Bone China and Fine China
Fine china tableware (china set image by Goran Petak from Fotolia.com)

Beautiful art and place settings are made out of both bone china and fine china, but there are differences between the two. Manufacturers define the differences by ingredients, but the differences extend beyond that.

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Origins

Fine china was first made about the 16th to 11th century BC in China, according to Travel China Guide. Bone china was made in the 1800s by Josiah Spade in Stoke-on-Trent, North Staffordshire, England, according to The Porcelain and Fine China Guide.

Difference Between Bone China and Fine China
This is an example of Chinese fine china. (Chinese tea pot with a spout of a head phoenix image by Veniamin Kraskov from Fotolia.com)

Ingredients

Fine china is another name for porcelain and is a mixture of china clay and china stone, while bone china is a precise mixture of 50 per cent bone ash, 25 per cent china clay and 25 per cent china stone.

Difference Between Bone China and Fine China
China clay as seen on the ground. (clay slope image by Andrey Andreev from Fotolia.com)

Two Types of Porcelain

Soft-paste porcelain contains white clay with frit. Frit is white sand, gypsum, alum, nitre, soda and salt and is fired at a lower temperature than the hard-paste porcelain. Hard-paste porcelain is made of china clay and china stone and does not have the frit.

Difference Between Bone China and Fine China
A bone china tea cup. (soothing cup of tea in china cup image by David Smith from Fotolia.com)

Care

Never use metal hangers they can scratch or crack your piece. Do not wear gloves, as your piece could slip more easily from your grip. Don't put your earthenware in the water because you might have unglazed spots.

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