Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is an extremely common and dangerous ailment. Accounting for over 41 million visits to hospitals and physician's offices every year, this is a prevalent condition that requires an understanding of symptoms, diagnosis and treatments.
High Blood Pressure
Blood travels throughout the body through a series of arteries and capillaries. Forced to move by the heart, any excess pressure from the heart results in an abnormal amount of stress on the artery walls, allowing for the measurement of higher levels of blood pressure.
Reading a diastolic pressure result will tell the state of blood pressure within the body while the heart is relaxed or in-between beats.
Reading a systolic pressure result will tell the state of blood pressure within the body while the heart is contracting and causing blood to circulate.
Danger and Age
Whether diastolic or systolic is more dangerous is dependent upon age. As a youth, diastolic is more important to use as a sign of risk for hypertension as youths have lower levels of systolic pressure. As people age, systolic pressure increases, while diastolic decreases making systolic readings more useful as a sign of risk for hypertension.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Treatment of hypertension is extremely important at any age as it can lead to an early stage heart attack and/or stroke as well as an assortment of other medical conditions. Routine medical checkups are key to diagnosing hypertension early.