Musical Steel Drum Facts

Written by james gilmore
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Despite being created only in the 20th century, steel drums can be heard all over, whether visiting the Caribbean or listening to the Talking Heads song "Uh-oh Love Comes to Town." Steel drums have a rich history and are used in a variety of settings.

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History

The evolution of steel drums began on the islands of Trinidad with the development of Tamboo-Bamboos; bamboo sticks hit on the ground to make a sound. These were used in Carnival percussion groups. Crude metal drums appeared in the 1930s and the instrument evolved into its current form over the decades.

Misconceptions

Steel drums are actually referred to as steelpans or pans. The pans are made from 55-gallon steel drum containers that store oil. Steel drums are not even really drums; they fall into the idiophone category of instruments as they vibrate without the use of a membrane.

Types

Steel drums are a pitched instrument, possible of producing discernible notes. There are many different instruments in the pan family, the main being the lead-steel pan, also known as the tenor pan.

Styles

Steel drum players, known as pannists, utilise steel drums for a variety of musical styles, most popularly calypso. Steel drums are also used in Latin, jazz, pop and theatrical settings.

Fun Fact

Because of its prevalence and important musical heritage, the steel drum is the National Instrument of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, according to the Trinidad and Tobago Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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