The Effects of Exercise on the Skeleton

Updated February 21, 2017

Exercise has been shown to benefit all areas of the body and the skeleton is no exception. While many might assume that exercise can put strain on bones, exercise encourages the body to increase bone density and also causes a release in hormones that aid bone health.

Weight-Bearing Activity

Weight-bearing activity is necessary in order to maintain the integrity of the skeletal structure. Skeletons that do not have weight placed on them lose bone mineral density.


Women who do not participate in exercise will have lower endogenous oestrogen, which is a hormone necessary in maintaining healthy bones.

Sports Injuries

Sports injuries can have a negative impact on the skeleton by causing sprains and fractures that will continue to affect the skeleton in the long term.


Amenorrhoea occurs when excessive exercise and leanness leads to a woman missing her period. This loss of period can affect hormone levels, which can adversely affect bone density.


Combined with high calcium intake, high-impact exercise can lead to much stronger bones later on in life.

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About the Author

Charles Pearson has written as a freelancer since 2009. He has a B.S. in literature from Purdue University Calumet and is currently working on his M.A. He has written the ebooks "Karate You Can Teach Your Kids," "Macadamia Growing Handout" and "The Raw Food Diet."