Lower-back spasms can come on suddenly and result in severe back pain and inability to function normally. They may occur from a known injury, or may be the result of improper posture, spinal abnormalities, dehydration, or from any number of other factors.
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Ice and Heat
If lower back spasms are caused by an injury, the first line of defence is ice application to reduce swelling and inflammation. After the initial post-injury period, heat is likely to be a more comfortable option to help ease muscle tension.
A massage therapist will use massage techniques, topical analgesics and possibly heat to reduce back pain and release tight muscles that cause spasms.
Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or prescriptions from a doctor for muscle relaxants or narcotic pain relievers may be useful in reducing pain from lower back spasms.
When the muscle spasms have been relieved; a course of exercises designed to strengthen the back may be utilised to prevent recurrence.
Working with a chiropractor to keep the spine healthy may be an optimal adjunct in preventing further lower back spasms.
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