What are the causes of cysts on adrenal glands?

Updated July 19, 2017

Unseen by the naked eye, the body contains adrenal glands that when functioning correctly affect a person's physical and mental well being. However, a cyst present creates various complications to a person's health.


The adrenal glands can be found at the top portion of each kidney. Three arteries deliver the blood supply to each gland.


The adrenal glands primary purpose relates to the production of hormones. They regulate a person's physical or psychological response to stress.


If the adrenal gland makes insufficient amounts of hormones, one of the first indications could be fatigue or sickness. A signal for cysts may be stomach and/or back pain, blood in the urine or a fever.


A cyst in the adrenal glands, though rare, may form due to a bacterial infection or parasites. However, a more serious cause develops as a result of a pituitary tumour that affects the body's hormone production.


When a doctor discovers a cyst, he may choose not to remove it if it appears benign. Treatment depends upon the size and location and may be regulated with medication and regular check-ups if surgery and radiation are not necessary.


Neglecting appointments with a doctor may cause life-threatening results when the medication fails to regulate hormone production. See a doctor as soon as possible with any sign of difficulties in this area.

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About the Author

Rebecca Stewart is diverse writer and enjoys the challenge of learning new things. She has an Associates Degree in Communication from Moody Bible Institute and an Associates Degree in Accounting from Education Direct. She has published articles on the websites: Exploring Adoption, Mommies Magazine, and Ministry-to-Children.