Some of the most common diseases and disorders of the muscular system include myopathies, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, muscular dystrophy and compartment syndrome. Muscular system diseases are often caused by problems with the central nervous system.
Myopathies are muscle diseases that affect skeletal muscles and are caused by genetic problems or metabolic disorders according to the Neurology Channel. Most types of myopathies results in weak skeletal muscles and often develop at a young age.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a syndrome that's still being researched by physicians and results in extreme fatigue that doesn't go away with rest, according to the Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome include loss of memory, difficulty concentrating, fatigue, random muscle pain, headaches, unrefreshing sleep and sore throats.
Fibromyalgia results in widespread pain throughout every muscle in a person's body. Approximately 2% of the entire US population is affected by fibromyalgia. Symptoms of fibromyalgia include joint tenderness, fatigue problems, and sleep disturbances.
Muscular dystrophy is a genetic muscle disease that makes muscle fibres abnormally susceptible to damage. Most types of muscular dystrophy are caused by the deficiency of a protein known as dystrophin.
Compartment syndrome is an uncommon exercised induced syndrome and causes pain, swelling and sometimes disability in person's legs or arms. Compartment syndrome is more common among seasoned athletes but can affect anyone.