Bunzlauer stoneware, also known as Polish pottery, originated in Silesia, a formerly German province that eventually became part of Poland. During the early 17th century, Polish pottery was considered folk art. Today, skilled artisans continue to create Bunzlauer stoneware in the Polish village of Boleslawiec at the Zaklady Ceramiczne factory. These craftsmen hand paint each piece of pottery with original artist patterns known as Unikat, using sponges and stamping. The clay used for Polish pottery is white and dense, lending itself to detailed patterns and shapes.
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Classic Polish Pottery
The eyespot is the original Polish pottery pattern that imitated peacock feathers. The colours of the feather, especially blue and green, were arranged in patterns on the stoneware by craftsmen. The eyespot Polish pottery pattern is distinctive in the area of Silesia. The individualistic eyespot designs ensure that no two Polish pottery pieces are alike.
The Zaklady factory produces many pottery patterns in the Classic Series, including the Nature pattern, which shows the traditional peacock pattern with butterflies around the edges; the Evergreen pattern, which depicts pine trees and pine boughs patterned around the pottery; the Stars and Stripes pattern, which incorporates a star at the centre of the peacock pattern with three red stripes in between; and the Country Meadow pattern, which features two colourful flowers on a green stem.
Classic Plus Polish Pottery
The traditional Polish pottery peacock pattern, combined with a flowering pattern, is one of the most popular patterns for Polish pottery collectors today. The stoneware artists use their unique sponges and stamps to form patterns of peacock eyespots and rows of flowers. The peacock and flower pattern is from the Zaklady series known as the Classic Plus.
Other Polish pottery patterns from the Zaklady Classic Plus are Athena Winter Nights, which depicts flowers and snow-covered trees; the Madison pattern, which incorporates pink flowers and pink rickrack patterns with blue accents; the Morning Delight pattern, which features blue flowers and green stamped designs; the Snowman pattern, which shows a snowman with a hat on his head in a field of snow; and the Sydney pottery pattern, which has wreaths of blue and pink flowers painted on the stoneware.
DU Polish Pottery
The DU Polish pottery patterns are intricate designs that are twice as expensive as the classic pottery patterns. The DU Polish pottery patterns include detailed purple grapes on green vines; snowmen with sky-blue snowflakes falling; a New Hope pattern that details violet flowers and intricate green, blue and orange patterns; Shannon, which depicts green, lacy pottery patterns; an unusual Renaissance pattern in shades of black, lilac and ochre; an Early Spring pattern, with blue bulbs and detailed woven patterns around the stoneware; and a Prairie Rose pottery pattern, stamped with roses, rose vines and tiny blue dots.
UNIKAT Polish Pottery
The art techniques and detailed craftsmanship in this Zaklady line of Polish pottery make it the most expensive of all the Polish stoneware. Each one-of-a-kind piece of stoneware is signed by the artist, rendering it a prized collectable. A few of the exquisite UNIKAT pottery patterns include Fall Moon, in peach and ecru colours with a centre flowering pattern; a stunning colourful Valley pattern that includes vivid green, ultramarine blue, sky blue, orange and salmon colours; Tulips, featuring blue tulips painted all around the stoneware with contrasting eyespot patterns; and a gorgeous Butterfly Garden pattern, depicting blue butterflies above a colourful, flowering garden.
Vena UNIKAT Polish Pottery
Vena is another maker of authentic Polish pottery. The unique designs of Vena are comparable to Zaklady. The Vena pottery patterns are detailed and vivid. The Allison pattern, for example, features scallop edges in deep blue with salmon and ultramarine flowers; and the Betty pottery pattern, which has delicate blue trim and a trio of flowers in pink, orange and blue painted around the stoneware.
Vena ART Polish Pottery
The unique quality of the ART pottery pattern is that it has an exclusive hidden design in each piece of stoneware. The Art pattern has the most detailed artwork of all Polish pottery patterns. The Daphne features large blue flowers with a seeded centre and intricate designs painted around the pottery; the Gigi pattern includes butterflies, flowers, hearts and classical eyespots painted throughout the pottery. Each ART Polish pottery pattern is one of a kind.
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