Commonly mistaken for a sore throat, throat ulcers are inflamed lesions in the throat that can be as large as 1/3 of an inch in size. Throat ulcers can last for a week or several months and even reappear after successful treatment.
According to Wrong Diagnosis, approximately 19 medical conditions can cause throat ulcers. These include oral herpes simplex, oral thrush, esophageal thrush, herpes zoster, primary or secondary syphilis, hand, foot and mouth disease, chickenpox, aphthous ulcers and herpangina. Frequent vomiting due to eating disorders, such as bulimia, can also cause throat ulcers to appear.
The most noticeable symptoms of throat ulcers are painful swallowing and difficulty eating, which commonly leads to weight loss. Severely swollen and inflamed ulcers can affect breathing and become a serious concern.
According to Wrong Diagnosis, throat ulcers need immediate medical attention, and treatments will vary depending on the cause of the ulcers. Treatments may include antibiotics for bacterial infections or gargling with a medicated solution for pain and swelling. Avoiding spicy, hot or hard to swallow foods will ease throat pain while eating.