Pain in the bladder, the organ that the body uses to store urine, or the urethra, the tube that people use to pass urine can be uncomfortable and embarrassing for many people to talk about. Both bladder and urethral pain have a variety of causes that can be either curable or chronic.
Interstitial cystitis is a chronic bladder condition with no cure. Patients with interstitial cystitis have irritated bladders and urinate frequently.
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is one of the most common causes of bladder pain. A urinary tract infection occurs when foreign bacteria gets into the bladder. This type of infection can be easily cured with a round of antibiotics.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can cause bladder and urethra inflammation if left untreated. Anyone who has had unprotected sex and is experiencing bladder pain should see a doctor to be tested.
Individuals with bladder cancer often experience symptoms of bladder pain and bleeding. It is important for people to remember to not automatically jump to the conclusion that they have bladder cancer simply because they have bladder pain. There are many less life threatening conditions that have similar symptoms.
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Bladder pain and pressure can be an indicator of pelvic floor dysfunction, a muscle spasm condition, since the bladder is supported by the pelvic floor. Pelvic floor dysfunction patients often feel the need to urinate frequently.