The Parts of a Rose Flower

Written by chelsea hoffman Google
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The Parts of a Rose Flower

Horticulture is the study and growth of plants and flowers. One of the first things you learn in studying horticulture is plant reproduction. Knowing the parts of a rose flower is important in learning plant reproduction because its parts are highly defined and easy to check for reference.


Sepals are leaves that protect the flower before it blooms. As the bloom opens, the sepals spread apart and open with the flower. They are a form of protection from the elements like wind, rain and sunlight while the flower is maturing.

The Parts of a Rose Flower
Sepals spreading as a rose blooms


Rose petals are naturally modified leaves that are given extra nutrients to take on different colours and fragrances. They are designed this way to attract bees and birds for pollination.

The Parts of a Rose Flower
A bee polinating a rose flower


The stigma is the part of the rose flower that is pollinated by the birds or the bees. It is a somewhat flat lump attached to a tube that goes into the centre of the flower. Unlike many flowers, the rose flower has several stigmas within its bloom.

The Parts of a Rose Flower
The stigma is in the centre of the flower


The style is the tubelike formation that the stigma is attached to. It provides the path for pollen to travel to the ovaries of the rose flower. The rose contains several styles that provide pollen to its many ovaries.

The Parts of a Rose Flower
Several tube like styles with stigmas attached, awaiting pollination


The rose flower, unlike many flower species, possesses several ovaries. The ovaries are located within the rose hips, which is the bulbous base of the rose bud.

The Parts of a Rose Flower
The ovaries (or hips) remain long after the petals fall


Ovules are growths found within the ovary of the rose flower. They are small and somewhat hairlike and are responsible for egg production in rose pollination. Splitting a rose hip, or ovary, open will reveal a symmetrical row on each side of the hairlike organs.

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