Ancient Greek architecture incorporated many design elements that remain in modern architectural design. The golden ratio and cylindrical columns continue to contribute to the aesthetically pleasing designs featured in modern homes and public buildings.
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The Golden Ratio
The golden ratio, a mathematical constant of 1:1.618, was first applied by the Greeks in the design of the ancient structures within the Acropolis, specifically the Parthenon. The golden ratio transcended the Grecian era and is noticeable in art, architectural design, city development and the proportional design of book covers.
Doric influence is evident in the inclusion of plain cylindrical columns with simple squares at the base and crown. Examples from ancient Greece include the columns of the Parthenon; Doric influence appears in many southern colonial homes and residential porches.
Columns from the Ionic order feature scrolls atop slender columns. This architectural form is visible on many Washington, D.C., memorials and buildings. Ionic columns are used in modern design to convey elegance.
Columns of the Corinthian order exhibit intricate and ornate design elements. The Corinthian influence is noticeable in the design of the New York Public Library and of the Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C..
Grecian influence is noticeable in many institutional designs. The White House exhibits the perfect integration of Grecian columns and architecture. Greek influence also appears in the design of amphitheatres and sports arenas, in the inclusion of tall, slender ornamental columns.
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