How Rolaids Work

Written by esther kinuthia rn bsn ba
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How Rolaids Work
Rolaids (pill bottles image by igor kisselev from Fotolia.com)

Rolaids, whose generic name is calcium carbonate, belong to a class of medications known as antacids. Rolaids are used to treat heartburn due to acid indigestion, upset stomach, sour stomach, gas and acid reflux disease. Rolaids are available over the counter in most drugstores. Patients with medical problems should consult with the doctor before taking Rolaids.

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How Rolaids Work

According to Emedtv.com, Rolaids antacids neutralize stomach acid by increasing the pH in the stomach. Calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide salts in Rolaids make the stomach less acidic. Symptoms of heartburn, acid indigestion and sour stomach are relieved. Rolaids do not block or prevent the production stomach acid, but only neutralize stomach acid.

Contraindications

According to Drugs.com, Rolaids should be avoided by patients allergic to calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide or any ingredient in Rolaids. Rolaids should not be used in patients with appendicitis and inflamed bowel. Rolaids should also not be used by patients with heart disease, kidney failure and bone fractures. Rolaids contains calcium, which affects the functioning of the heart and should therefore be avoided by patients with heart disease. Rolaids also causes reabsorption of calcium from the bones, leading to too much calcium in the blood and kidney stones.

Precautions

<p>Drugs.com states that Rolaids should be used with caution in patients with dehydration, hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D toxicity, gastrointestinal bleeding and gastrointestinal obstruction. Dose adjustment may be needed in patients with these conditions, because Rolaids may worsen the diseases

Side Effects

According to Drugs.com, common side effects of Rolaids include chalky taste, stomach cramping, diarrhea, constipation, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth, increased thirst and urinating more than usual.

Administration

<p>Drugs.com states that Rolaids soft chew tablets are available over-the-counter. Rolaids are usually taken after meals in order to neutralize the stomach acid. The tablets should be chewed thoroughly before swallowing. Rolaids should not be taken for more than two weeks or in larger doses unless under a physician's order. Patients who do not experience heartburn relief after taking Rolaids should seek medical attention so as to be prescribed a stronger antacid.

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