Tourism can help countries with struggling economies earn more money and create jobs for their citizens. In countries where mass tourism is extremely popular, the economy and environment of the country can actually suffer. Eco-tourism, on the other hand, is focused on improving the economy and well being of the local people.
Eco-tourism is defined as responsible travel, which includes taking steps to conserve the environment and improve the lives of the local people. By providing financial benefits and social empowerment to the local people, tourists can be sure that they are doing everything in their power to benefit the environment and the people of the country the are visiting, instead of simply using their resources.
Eco-tourism Tips for Travelers
Those who are considering travelling can help the tourism industry by following some simple eco-tourism tips. Do your research before choosing a destination. Look for small communities that are safe and environmentally friendly. Choose travel accommodations that are owned by or dedicated to aiding local citizens. Plan travel activities that are environmentally friendly, such as a hike through the rainforest, a healthy meal at the home of local people or a bicycle ride to explore the city.
Mass tourism refers to an overwhelming amount of people travelling to one extremely popular tourist destination, such as the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben or The Great Pyramids in Egypt. Mass tourists do not consider the well being of local citizens or environmental friendliness when choosing their travel destinations. Instead, they consider attractive and popular destinations.
Effects of Mass Tourism
Mass tourism can be beneficial in some small countries, but most of the time mass tourism actually has adverse effects on countries. The environment can be hurt when millions of people rush to a country and begin using its natural resources. Some wealthy business owners from other countries come in to a small, poor country and build a beautiful resort that attracts visitors, resulting in the local community not receiving any money to support its resources. Mass tourism can also be detrimental to traditional cultures.