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How to make a ganesh altar

Updated March 23, 2017

Lord Ganesh (or Ganesha) is the blissful elephant headed God adored by millions of Hindu people, as well as those of the Buddhist and Jain faiths, and many other non-Hindus. One story tells that Goddess Parvati created the young man from sandalwood paste, to guard her privacy. Later his father, Shiva -- Parvati's mate -- was unaware the young man was his own son. They fought and the boy's head was severed. Shiva's devotees (ganas) brought an elephant head to replace the boy's own. Parvata was pacified and the young man resumed his path. Make your own home altar or shrine to honour Ganesh and hold pujas (devotions) by assembling the traditional items on a low table.

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  1. Purchase or use an existing low table suitable for kneeling and prostrations. Clean it, then lay a clean altar cloth to cover it. The cloth can be colourful with symbols or plain. You can also use large scarves or fabric squares with hemmed edges. If you want room for perambulations, allow a few feet of space all around the table.

  2. Center a statue or image of Ganesh on top of the altar cloth. Choose one that will fit easily on the table with room left for other offering items and traditional implements. Make sure the image is clean. Some people will loving dust or wash their Ganesh before placing, and periodically for other rituals. If you only have a photograph, place it in a manner that gives it prominence over other objects.

  3. Encircle the central Ganesh with the other items to be used for pujas. Some of these can be on one tray, others in small bowls, cups and vials. Clean, clear water and flowers should always be fresh. It is suggested that the main oil lamp be kept lit throughout the day when you are home, so place it where it won't easily get knocked over. If you use milk offerings, always pour fresh milk when you do your puja.

  4. Follow your usual rites for prayers, meditation and pujas from a pillow in front of the altar. If several people, such as family members or friends join you periodically, tuck a few extra pillows under the table, hidden beneath the altar cloth, for easy access. Keep the CD or tape player and your favourite music or chants nearby, if you wish to play music during your practice.

  5. Tip

    Ganesh statues should have at least four arms, but can have more. Purchase your altar items at Indian or Hindu shops in person or from online.


    Don't leave candles or lamps burning unattended.

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Things You'll Need

  • Low table
  • Altar cloth
  • Small Ganesh statue or photograph
  • Fresh flowers and petals
  • Oil lamp and oil
  • Bells (ghanta)
  • Incense burner
  • Incense
  • Cups
  • Bowls
  • Spoons
  • Small tray
  • Brass vessel with uncooked rice and turmeric
  • Dipa (lamp with cotton string wick)
  • Small bowl or vial of vibhuti (holy ash)
  • Sandwalwood paste
  • Red powder (kunkuma)
  • Fresh fruits or dish of food
  • Coconut
  • Camphor burner
  • Other decoration items
  • Garlands
  • Candles
  • Music player and music

About the Author

Debra J. Rigas, a professional writing coach, has been a writer and editor since 1975. She is the author of the nonfiction book "Everyone's A Guru" and has edited novels ("The Woman Pope") and worked in arts and sciences as a filmmaker, boat captain, landscaper, counselor, theater administrator and licensed midwife.

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