Your internal reproductive organs consist of the uterus, ovaries, vagina and Fallopian tubes. You have two Fallopian tubes, which are attached to either side of your uterus. When your Fallopian tubes are not blocked, the fertilised eggs move through the tubes into the uterus. There are a couple of consequences for you when one or both are blocked. For instance, infertility, or the inability to become pregnant, can result. However, if you do become pregnant, an ectopic pregnancy can occur in the tubes and is dangerous if not quickly treated.
Know the symptoms of blocked Fallopian tubes. The main symptom, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), is either constant or frequent pain in the abdomen or lower belly. Another symptom of blocked Fallopian tubes is vaginal discharge.
Know the causes and risks of blocked Fallopian tubes. Typically, blocked Fallopian tubes occur because of an old infection from a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that was untreated. Other causes include a previous surgery on your abdomen or Fallopian tubes or adhesion in your pelvis area. If one of your Fallopian tubes is blocked, it could be the result of a pregnancy or abortion.
Make an appointment with your doctor. Since some women don't experience any symptoms, it's important to make an appointment with a doctor who specialises in women's health. The doctor will confirm if one or both of your Fallopian tubes are blocked.
Undergo tests during your appointment to confirm the suspected diagnoses. You will undergo one of several procedures to diagnose your blocked tubes, such as an ultrasound, which is painless and quick. The ultrasound will show if there's a collection of sterile of fluid in one of both of your Fallopian tubes.
- The other procedures to diagnose blocked Fallopian tubes include X-rays and surgery. With the X-ray procedure, your doctor injects a special liquid or dye into your uterus before taking an X-ray. If the liquid continuously flows through and out of the Fallopian tubes, they are not blocked. However, if your tubes are blocked, the liquid will be trapped and your doctor will diagnose blocked Fallopian tubes, according to ASRM.
- If you choose the surgery option, your doctor will insert a laparoscope into your abdomen. Then the doctor will see whether your tubes are blocked.